Philippe Le Billon
Oxford University, 1999, DPhil
My research interests bring together political geography, political ecology, and war studies. I have focused most of my work on the links between natural resources and armed conflicts, but also examined the political economy of war and reconstruction, the resource curse, corruption, as well as natural disasters and political crises.
Most of my fieldwork has been conducted in South East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, but I also have a long-standing interest in Latin America. I tend to use historically grounded fieldwork approaches, occasionally using comparative and large-N quantitative methods.
While remaining targeted at an academic audience, I have also strived to make some of my work policy relevant. I am currently working on the governance of extractive sectors, food security, as well as violence and space.
Pr. Le Billon holds a joint appointment in the Department of Geography and the School of Public Policy and Global Affairs, Faculty of Arts.
Bennett, N. J. Lopez De La Lama, R. Le Billon, P. Ertör, I. and E. Morgera. 2023. Ocean defenders and human rights. Frontiers in Marine Science 9. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.1089049
Deberdt, R. and P. Le Billon. 2023. Green transition mineral supply risks: Comparing artisanal and deep–sea cobalt mining in a time of climate crisis. The Extractive Industries and Society 14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2023.101232.
Ide, T. Johnson, M. F. Barnett, J. Krampe, F. Le Billon, P. Maertens, L. Von Uexkull, N. and I. Vélez–Torres. 2023. The Future of Environmental Peace and Conflict Research. Environmental Politics. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2022.2156174
Arsenault, C. and P. Le Billon. 2022. Covering crude bargains: The impacts of investigative media reporting on oil deals. The Extractive Industries and Society. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2022.101144.
Agusdinata, D.B. Liu, W. Sulistyo, S. Le Billon, P. and J. Wegner. 2022. Evaluating sustainability impacts of critical mineral extractions: Integration of life cycle sustainability assessment and SDGs frameworks. Journal of Industrial Ecology. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.13317
Bennet, N.J. Le Billon, P. Belhabib, D. and P. Satizábal. 2022. Local marine stewardship and ocean defenders. Nature Ocean Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1038/s44183–022–00002–6
Belhabib, D. and P. Le Billon. 2022. Fish crimes in the global ocean. Science Advances 8 (12). doi: https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abj1927
—. Adjacency and vessel domestication as enablers of fish crimes. Frontiers in Marine Science 9. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.936174
Da, S. and P. Le Billon. 2022. Sand mining: Stopping the grind of unregulated supply chains. Extractive Industries and Society 10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2022.101070
Deberdt, R. and P. Le Billon. 2022. The Green Transition in context–Cobalt responsible sourcing for battery manufacturing. Society & Natural Resources 35 (7): 784-803. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2022.2049410
Le Billon, P. 2021. Crisis conservation and green extraction: biodiversity offsets as spaces of double exception. Journal of Political Ecology 28(1): 864-888. doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/jpe.2991
Le Billon, P. Lujala, P. Singh, D. Culbert, V. and B. Kristoffersen, 2021. Fossil fuels, climate change, and the COVID-19 crisis: pathways for a just and green post-pandemic recovery. Climate Policy 21(3): 1347-1356. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2021.1965524
Le Billon, P. Lujala, P. and S. A. Rustad. 2021. Transparency in Environmental and Resource Governance: Theories of Change for the EITI. Global Environmental Politics 21 (3): 124–146. https://doi.org/10.1162/glep_a_00610
Andrew, N. Bennett, N. J. Le Billon, P. Greene, S. J. Cisneros-Montemayor, A. M. Amongin, S. Gray, and U. R. Sumaila. 2021. Oil, fisheries and coastal communities: A review of impacts on the environment, livelihoods, space and governance. Energy Research and Social Science 75: 1-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2021.102009
Bille Larsen, P. Le Billon, P. Menton, M. Aylwin, J. Balsiger, J. Boyd, D. Forst, M. Lambrick, F. Santos, C. Storey, H. and S. Wilding.. 2021. Understanding and responding to the environmental human rights defenders crisis: The case for conservation action. Conservation Letters 14(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12777
Deberdt, R. Le Billon, P. 2021. Conflict minerals and battery materials supply chains: A mapping review of responsible sourcing initiatives. Extractive Industries and Society 8 (4). doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2021.100935
Prause, L. Le Billon, P. 2021. Struggles for land: Comparing resistance movements against agro-industrial and mining investment projects. Journal of Peasant Studies 48 (5): 1100-1123. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2020.1762181
Satizábal, P. Le Billon, P. Delhabib, D. Saavedra-Díaz, L. M. Figueroa, I. Noriega, G. and N. J. Bennett. 2021. Ethical considerations for research on small‐scale fisheries and blue crimes. Fish and Fisheries 22 (6): 1160-1166. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12590
Spijkers, J. Merrie, A. Wabnitz, C. Osborne, M. Mobjörk, M. Bodin, Ö. Selig, E. R. Le Billon, P. Hendrix, C. S. Singh, G. G. Keys, P. W. and T. F. Morrison. 2021. Exploring the future of fishery conflict through narrative scenarios. One Earth 4(3): 386-396. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.02.004
Menton, M. and P. Le Billon. 2021. Environmental defenders: Deadly struggled for life and territory. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003127222
Ramos, A. Le Billon, P. Seagle, C. Madzwamuse, M. Walker Painemilla, K. Petriv, I. and L. Jauregui. 2021. Policy Matters, Special Issue 22, Volumes I, II, III. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
Le Billon, P. and P. Lujala. 2020. Environmental and land defenders: Global patterns and determinants of repression. Global Environmental Change 65. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102163
Belhabib, D. Le Billon, P. and D. J. Wrathall. 2020. Narco‐Fish: Global fisheries and drug trafficking. Fish and Fisheries 2020 (21): 992–1007. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12483
Le Billon, P. Suji, M. Baniya, J. Limbu, B. Paudel, D. Rankin, K. Rawal, N. and Shneiderman, S. 2020. Disaster Financialization: Earthquakes, Cashflows and Shifting Household Economies in Nepal. Development and Change 51(4): 939-969 . doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/dech.12603
Sharp, K. Zerriffi, H. and Le Billon, P. 2020. Land scarcity, resettlement and food security: Assessing the effect of voluntary resettlement on diet quality in Malawi. Food Security 12: 191–205. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-019-00979-y
Belhabib, D. and Le Billon, P. 2020. Illegal Fishing as a Trans-National Crime. Frontiers in Marine Science 7 (162): 1-3. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00162
Le Billon, P. Roa-Garcia, M. C. and A. R. LÓPEZ-Granada. 2020. Territorial peace and gold mining in Colombia: local peacebuilding, bottom-up development and the defence of territories. Conflict, Security & Development 20(3): 303-333. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14678802.2020.1741937
Gaulin, N. and P. Le Billon. 2020. Climate change and fossil fuel production cuts:assessing global supply-side constraints and policy implications. Climate Policy 20 (8): 888-901. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2020.1725409
Paudel, D. Rankin, K. and P. Le Billon. 2020. Lucrative Disaster: Financialization, Accumulation and Postearthquake Reconstruction in Nepal. Economic Geography 96(2): 137-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00130095.2020.1722635
Spijkers, J. Singh, G. Blasiak, R. Morrison, T. H. Le Billon, P. and H. Österblom. 2019. Global patterns of fisheries conflict: Forty years of data. Global Environmental Change 57. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.05.005
Von Wysocki, I. T. and P. Le Billon. 2019. Plastics at sea: Treaty design for a global solution to marine plastic pollution’ Environmental Science & Policy 100: 94-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.06.005
Singleton, R. L. Allison, E. H. Gough, C. Kamat, V. Le Billon, P. Robson, L. and U. R. Sumaila. 2019. Conservation, contraception and controversy: Supporting human rights to enable sustainable fisheries in Madagascar. Global Environmental Change 59. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.101946
Kamat, V. R. Le Billon, P. Mwaipopo, R. and J. Raycraft. 2019. Natural gas extraction and community development in Tanzania: Documenting the gaps between rhetoric and reality. The Extractive Industries and Society 6(3): 968-976. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2019.03.011
Bennett, N. J. Cisneros-Montemayor, A. M. Blythe, J. Silver, J. J. Singh, G. Andrwes, N. Calò, A. Christie, P. Di Franco, A. Finkbeiner, E. M. Gelcich, S. Guidetti, P. Harper, S. Hotte, N. Kittinger, J. N. Le Billon, P. Lister, J. López de la Lama, R. McKinley, E. Scholtens, J. Solås, A-M. Sowman, M. Talloni-Álvarez, N. Teh, L. C. L. Voyer, M. and U. R. Sumaila. 2019. Towards a sustainable and equitable blue economy. Nature Sustainability 2: 991–993. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0404-1
Le Billon, P. and B. Kristoffersen. 2019. Just cuts for fossil fuels? Supply-side carbon constraints and energy transition. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 52 (6): 1072–1092. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0308518X18816702
Sharp, K. Le Billon, P. and H. Zerrifi. 2019. Land reforms and voluntary resettlement: household participation and attrition rates in Malawi. The Journal of Peasant Studies 46(5): 956-982. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2018.1439928
Belhabib, D. Sumaila, R. and P. Le Billon. 2019. The fisheries of Africa: Exploitation, policy, and maritime security trends. Marine Policy 101: 80-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.12.021
Grant, H. and P. Le Billon. 2019. Growing Political: Violence, Community Forestry, and Environmental Defender Subjectivity. Society and Natural Resources 32(7): 768-789. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2019.1590669
Talloni-Álvarez, N. Sumaila, R. Le Billon, P. and W. Cheung. 2019. Climate change impact on Canada’s Pacific marine ecosystem: The current state of knowledge. Marine Policy 104: 163-176. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.02.035
Middeldorp, N. and P. Le Billon. 2019. Deadly Environmental Governance: Authoritarianism, Eco-populism, and the Repression of Environmental and Land Defenders. Annals of the American Association of Geographers 109(2): 324-337. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/24694452.2018.1530586+